Student Information

Student Name

John V Robinson IV

Email

jvr127@gmail.com

Academy

Engineering

Internship Information

Company/Organization: Dmae Athletics

Mentor(s):Andrea Pribula (Trainer A)

Topic of Internship

Athletic Trainer

Background Information

Athletic trainers (ATís) are health care professionals who collaborate with physicians in order to treat athletes. Athletic trainers comprise prevention, emergency care, clinical diagnosis, therapeutic intervention and rehabilitation of injuries. ATs work under the direction of physicians, as prescribed by state licensure statutes. Athletic trainers are found in all levels of athletics from k-12. College, and even professional teams have their own athletic trainer. I have an internship with Dwight Morrow, Academies@Englewood athletics. At my internship I explore the world of sports medicine by acting as an apprentice to the schoolís trainer. As an apprentice Iíve spent a lot of time practicing tape jobs for ankles, wrists, and fingers. Also I had to learn about some of the basic anatomy of the human body. I had to learn how to use the stem machine, a machine that massages and stimulates the tissues in the body. During my time in my internship I was thrown into the field on multiple occasions where I had to really act as a trainer. For instance, during a varsity soccer game one of the kids had rolled their ankle during the game. When he was pulled to the bench area I had to tape his ankle efficiently and quickly so that heíd be able to get back on the field and participate in the game without missing a beat. Another instance where I got a real experience was when during a basketball game. One of the players had hit their head really hard on the court floor and I had do the proper tests to make sure the player didnít have a concussion. We ask a series of basic questions in hopes to see if the athlete in responding correctly to the questions. These questions are used to test the students balance and concentration to check for issues with the athleteís brain.

Summary of Internship

Dmae Athletics Athletic trainers (ATís) are health care professionals who collaborate with physicians in order to treat athletes. Athletic trainers comprise prevention, emergency care, clinical diagnosis, therapeutic intervention and rehabilitation of injuries. ATs work under the direction of physicians, as prescribed by state licensure statutes. Athletic trainers are found in all levels of athletics from k-12. College, and even professional teams have their own athletic trainer. I have an internship with Dwight Morrow, Academies@Englewood athletics. At my internship I explore the world of sports medicine by acting as an apprentice to the schoolís trainer. As an apprentice Iíve spent a lot of time practicing tape jobs for ankles, wrists, and fingers. Also I had to learn about some of the basic anatomy of the human body. I had to learn how to use the stem machine, a machine that massages and stimulates the tissues in the body. During my time in my internship I was thrown into the field on multiple occasions where I had to really act as a trainer. For instance, during a varsity soccer game one of the kids had rolled their ankle during the game. When he was pulled to the bench area I had to tape his ankle efficiently and quickly so that heíd be able to get back on the field and participate in the game without missing a beat. Another instance where I got a real experience was when during a basketball game. One of the players had hit their head really hard on the court floor and I had do the proper tests to make sure the player didnít have a concussion. We ask a series of basic questions in hopes to see if the athlete in responding correctly to the questions. These questions are used to test the students balance and concentration to check for issues with the athleteís brain. A concussion is defined as ďtemporary unconsciousness caused by a blow to the head. The term is also used loosely of the aftereffects such as confusion or temporary incapacity.Ē Concussions are common, particularly if you play a contact sport, such as football. However, every concussion injures your brain to some extent. Fortunately most people affected by a concussion recover fully. This is thanks to the precautions trainers and doctors take to catch athletes with mild concussions. Doctors and trainers ask athletes an array of questions and have them complete small tasks to test balance. Concussions range from being severe, where a person will completely black out, or they can be really mild where the athlete doesnít actually realize they have a concussion. Concussions can be tricky to diagnose, unless there is a visible cut or bruise on the head. However, we canít actually see concussions because they arenít a visible injury. A concussion is a violent shake of the brain, which is inside the skull. Common symptoms of a concussion are headache, temporary loss of consciousness, confusion, memory loss, dizziness, ringing in the ears, vomiting, fatigue and slurred speech. These symptoms are more immediate although, some delayed symptoms occur such as concentration complaints, sensitivity to light, sleep disturbances, and disorders of taste and smell. Unfortunately, it took a long time for concussions to be recognized as a serious injury. However, this changed once people started to see the long term effects concussions can bring about. The NFL created a settlement that gave money to ex-NFL players who have experienced disabilities caused by multiple head traumas. Overtime, multiple concussions can lead to permanent brain damage because the brain hasnít received a sufficient amount of time to heal. At the end of the day, concussions are still brain injuries and can ultimately lead to serious physical and mental damage. Studies were performed on former NFL players that consisted of asking them basic questions while monitoring their brain activity. The NFL players who tested well didnít have many traumas on their brains, while the ones who did significantly worse showed signs of damage to their brains. This is because in the past a lot of players never actually realized they had concussions due to the lack of research and attention towards concussions. Players would basically play entire games with concussions, which lead to their demise in the long run. Unfortunately, we canít blame the players because they didnít actually realize they were hurt. The best way to treat a concussion is to stop activity and rest. By resting, the brain is able to recover from the trauma. It is recommended that an individual with a concussion refrain from doing any vigorous physical activities, such as sports, at least until they no longer exhibit any symptoms. Also, doctors will advise their patients not to engage in any activities that require the brain to output a high level of mental concentration, like playing video games, watching television, using the computer, or reading. These activities stress the already injured brain. Medication like acetaminophen, also known as Tylenol, can be taken in order to ease the headaches that concussions can bring about. However, a person with a concussion should not take medications with ibuprofen, such as Advil or Motrin IB, because it may boost the chances of bleeding. For athletes especially, it is important that they have the okay from their doctors to go ahead and start playing again. If by chance they resume playing again too soon, they run the risk of sustaining another concussion. A second concussion can cause serious and lasting damage. The University of Pittsburghís Brain Trauma Research Center reported that more than 300,000 sports-related concussions take place in the United States each year. They also reported that the estimated likelihood of suffering from a concussion while engaging in a contact sport is about nineteen percent per year of play. However, not all concussions are sports related. Since, concussions can occur so easily, it is important that the correct measures are taken in order to prevent and minimize this type of injury. Some tips include wearing the proper protective gear while playing sports and doing other recreational activities, buckling your seat belt, making your home safe, protecting your children, and most importantly educating both yourself and others about concussions. By doing these things concussions can be avoided and treated properly in the event that they do happen.

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